A cenote is a natural underwater cave (called dolina) that contains fresh water from the phreatic zone. Its name comes from the Mayan “dzoonot” which mins “hole on the floor”.
Due to its geological characteristics, the Yucatan Peninsula lacks of rivers, nevertheless, thanks to its surface made of limestone, complex underwater streams are created, these go to the sea through various cavities.
Cenotes are formed due to the sinking of stones that create its celling, which facilitates the creation of caves. Plus, rain filtration through the limestone contributes to their formation.
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